The History Of TamilNadu Kings (Cholas, Nayakas) and accomplishments during their rule, with the Brief history of The Great Maratha warrior Chatrapathi Shivaji, his son Dharmaveer Sambhaji, their spiritual guru Samartha Ramdas and their visit to Tamilnadu has been included. Thanjavur was ruled by Maratha kings for 180 years and they had a vast accomplishments in many fields and were scholars themselves. History of Thanjavur Marathas has been included. King Serfoji II who was a Bibliophile developed arts, culture and literature and one of the present world largest library, SARASWATI MAHAL is named after him. Brief historical detail on Indian Classical art form-Bharatanatyam has also been written. The founder of Maratha rule in Thanjavur (TamilNadu) was King Venkoji alias Ekoji, founded in 1676 A.D. Details of all kings who ruled after him and their works and accomplishments in the field of arts, literature, culture, dance, drama, science, medicines, Engineering, ship building etc which they did in those days (300 years back) with a brief detail on Maratha Royal family of Thanjavur, Sadar Mahal Palace has been included. Thanjavur Maratha Kings were the patron of arts, learning and many scholars and artists were flourished during their reign. Trip to Thanjavur, TamilNadu (India) is incomplete without visiting Remarkable places of Raja Raja Chola’s Brihadeshwara temple and Thanjavur Maharaja’s Serfoji Saraswati Mahal Library (TMSSML). Brihadeshwara Temple and Saraswati Mahal Library are the imperishable and living monuments of Raja Raja Cholan and King Serfoji II.“The Tanjore Country is celebrated all over the world for its charities. It is called Dharma Raj-and I consider this reputation, which reverts upon me through all countries from this appellation as the most honorable distinction of my rank” - Raja Serfoji.