Global warming and climate changes are caused due to excess emission of greenhouse gases mostly from the industries and burning of fossil fuels. At present, there is a deficit of seasonal rainfalls, increase in atmospheric temperature, rising sea levels, scarcity of water for domestic and industrial purposes.There are interstate disputes; even the Apex court finds it difficult to satisfy the agrarian community regarding the equitable distribution of water. Domestic and industrial effluents are released to the natural river courses contaminating the drinking water. Unusual and unprecedented downpour of rainfall caused by cyclonic effects leads to natural disasters such as floods and landslides. On the other end, there are drought and outbreak of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses.There is an imperative need to protect the natural reserves as per the approved norms of National Forest Policy to have a proper carbon sink for the mitigation of excess emission of greenhouse gases. Pollution is on the rise. The air and oceans are highly polluted by the presence of plastics, acids, chemicals, greenhouse gases and other elements. There are changes in the sea temperature due to El Nino and La Nina factors that cause adverse climatic conditions.