Dietary and lifestyle shifts have taken place in our society that occurred at a faster rate than the human genome can adopt. These dietary changes have adversely affected the health that resulted in a multitude of chronic life threatening diseases such as cardiovascular, diabetes, hypertension and cancer in our society today. In order to prevent and reduce the growing incidence of such chronic diseases, nutritional scientists developed the concept of functional and super foods. The nutraceutical compounds responsible for these qualities have existed for tens of thousands of years in the plants. By reading this book the readers will understand the cause for developing these dreadful diseases and the ways and means to prevent them.